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# MATLAB

MATLAB (matrix laboratory) is a proprietary programming language developed by MathWorks, MATLAB allows matrix manipulations, plotting of functions and data, implementation of algorithms, and creation of user interfaces.

You can run your Matlab codes on Cypress clusters but you can't use GUI(Graphical User Interface) on computing nodes.

**Note : Since the number of license is limited, it is recommended to compile Matlab code and make an executable.**

See https://wiki.hpc.tulane.edu/trac/wiki/cypress/Matlab#CompiledMatlab

## Running MATLAB interactively

Start an interactive session,

[fuji@cypress2 ~]$ idev Requesting 1 node(s) task(s) to normal queue of defq partition 1 task(s)/node, 20 cpu(s)/task, 2 MIC device(s)/node Time: 0 (hr) 60 (min). Submitted batch job 47343 JOBID=47343 begin on cypress01-063 --> Creating interactive terminal session (login) on node cypress01-063. --> You have 0 (hr) 60 (min). Last login: Mon Jun 8 20:18:50 2015 from cypress1.cm.cluster

Load the module

[fuji@cypress01-063 ~]$ module load matlab

Run MATLAB on the command-line window,

[fuji@cypress01-063 ~]$ matlab -nodisplay -nosplash MATLAB is selecting SOFTWARE OPENGL rendering. < M A T L A B (R) > Copyright 1984-2015 The MathWorks, Inc. R2015a (8.5.0.197613) 64-bit (glnxa64) February 12, 2015 To get started, type one of these: helpwin, helpdesk, or demo. For product information, visit www.mathworks.com. Academic License >>

You will get to the MATLAB command-line and can run MATLAB code here but no graphics.

### Running MATLAB interactively with GUI

If you have x-window environment on the local machine, you can forward the Matlab GUI window from Cypress to your local screen. See X-window forwarding.

- Login to Cypress with X-window forwarding.
ssh -Y userID@cypress.tulane.edu

- Start an interactive session.
idev

- Load module
module load matlab

- Run Matlab
matlab &

Note that your Matlab session will be killed when the session time exceeds the walltime limit.

## Running MATLAB in a batch mode

You can also submit your MATLAB job to the batch nodes (compute nodes) on Cypress. To do so, please first make sure that the MATLAB module has been loaded, and then launch "matlab" with the "-nodesktop -nodisplay -nosplash" option as shown in the sample SLURM job script below.

#!/bin/bash #SBATCH --qos=normal # Quality of Service #SBATCH --job-name=matlab # Job Name #SBATCH --time=24:00:00 # WallTime #SBATCH --nodes=1 # Number of Nodes #SBATCH --ntasks-per-node=1 # Number of tasks (MPI processes) #SBATCH --cpus-per-task=1 # Number of threads per task (OMP threads) module load matlab matlab -nodesktop -nodisplay -nosplash < mymatlabprog.m

See https://wiki.hpc.tulane.edu/trac/wiki/cypress/Matlab#CompiledMatlab

## Compiled Matlab

### Compiling Matlab Scripts using mcc

Start an interactive session with idev, load the intel-psxe module (if you want to use mkl and multithreading), load the matlab module

[tulaneID@cypress1 ~]$ idev Requesting 1 node(s) task(s) to normal queue of defq partition 1 task(s)/node, 20 cpu(s)/task, 2 MIC device(s)/node Time: 0 (hr) 60 (min). Submitted batch job 80102 JOBID=80102 begin on cypress01-036 --> Creating interactive terminal session (login) on node cypress01-036. --> You have 0 (hr) 60 (min). --> Assigned Host List : /tmp/idev_nodes_file_tulaneID Last login: Tue Sep 22 16:27:39 2015 from cypress1.cm.cluster [tulaneID@cypress01-036 ~]$ module load intel-psxe [tulaneID@cypress01-036 ~]$ module load matlab [tulaneID@cypress01-036 ~]$

cd to the directory containing your matlab file and compile using matlabs C compiler `mcc -m <your matlab .m file>`

. If your script is spread over many files you need to specify the directories containing those files `mcc -m -I <source directory> <your matlab .m file>`

. For example, to compile my_script.m which depends on other .m files located in /home/tulaneID/myMatlab I would run

mcc -m -I /home/tulaneID/myMatlab my_script.m

This will compile files that my_script.m depends upon provided they are in /home/tulaneID/myMatlab

To see help,

mcc -?

### Executing Compiled scripts

The above will create a binary executable named my_script. To run the executable as a SLRUM Job, just include the matlab module in your SLURM script. This will provide all the necessary libraries. For example,

#!/bin/bash #SBATCH --qos=normal # Quality of Service #SBATCH --job-name=my_script # Job Name #SBATCH --time=1-0:00:00 # WallTime #SBATCH --nodes=1 # Number of Nodes #SBATCH --ntasks-per-node=1 # Number of tasks (MPI processes) #SBATCH --cpus-per-task=1 # Number of threads per task (OMP threads) module load matlab ./my_script

### Running MATLAB in Parallel with Multithreads

MATLAB supports multithreaded computation for a number of functions and expressions that are combinations of element-wise functions. These functions automatically execute on multiple threads if data size is large enough. Note that on Cypress, in default, MATLAB runs with a single threads, and you have to explicitly specify the number of threads in your code. For example,

% Matlab Test Code "FuncTest.m" % LASTN = maxNumCompThreads(str2num(getenv('SLURM_JOB_CPUS_PER_NODE'))); nth = maxNumCompThreads; fprintf('Number of Threads = %d.\n',nth); N=2^(14); A = randn(N); st = cputime; tic; B = sin(A); realT = toc; cpuT = cputime -st; fprintf('Real Time = %f(sec)\n',realT); fprintf('CPU Time = %f(sec)\n',cpuT); fprintf('Ratio = %f\n',cpuT / realT);

In above code, the line,

LASTN = maxNumCompThreads(str2num(getenv('SLURM_JOB_CPUS_PER_NODE')));

defines the number of threads.
The environmental variable, **SLURM_JOB_CPUS_PER_NODE** has the value set in SLURM script, for example,

#!/bin/bash #SBATCH --qos=normal # Quality of Service #SBATCH --job-name=matlabMT # Job Name #SBATCH --time=1:00:00 # WallTime #SBATCH --nodes=1 # Number of Nodes #SBATCH --ntasks-per-node=1 # Number of tasks (MPI processes) #SBATCH --cpus-per-task=10 # Number of threads per task (OMP threads) module load matlab matlab -nodesktop -nodisplay -nosplash -r "FuncTest; exit;"

The number of cores per process (task) is set by **—cpus-per-task=10**.
This value goes to **SLURM_JOB_CPUS_PER_NODE** and you can use it to determine the number of threads used in the code.

See https://wiki.hpc.tulane.edu/trac/wiki/cypress/Matlab#CompiledMatlab

#!/bin/bash #SBATCH --qos=normal # Quality of Service #SBATCH --job-name=matlabMT # Job Name #SBATCH --time=1:00:00 # WallTime #SBATCH --nodes=1 # Number of Nodes #SBATCH --ntasks-per-node=1 # Number of tasks (MPI processes) #SBATCH --cpus-per-task=10 # Number of threads per task (OMP threads) module load matlab mcc -m FuncTest.m ./FuncTest

#### Explicit parallelism

The *parallel computing toolbox* is available on Cypress.
You can use up to 12 workers for shared parallel operations on a single node in the current MATLAB version.
Our license does not include MATLAB Distributed Computing Server. Therefore, multi-node parallel operations are not supported.

Workers are like independent processes. If you want to use 4 workers, you have to request at least 4 tasks within a node.

#!/bin/bash #SBATCH --qos=normal # Quality of Service #SBATCH --job-name=matlabPool # Job Name #SBATCH --time=1:00:00 # WallTime #SBATCH --nodes=1 # Number of Nodes #SBATCH --ntasks-per-node=1 # Number of tasks (MPI processes) #SBATCH --cpus-per-task=4 # Number of threads per task (OMP threads) module load matlab matlab -nodesktop -nodisplay -nosplash -r "ParforTest; exit;"

*CreateWorker.m* is a Matlab code to create workers.

% Parallel Tool Box Test "CreateWorker.m" % if isempty(getenv('SLURM_JOB_CPUS_PER_NODE')) nWorker = 1; else nWorker = min(12,str2num(getenv('SLURM_JOB_CPUS_PER_NODE'))); end % Create Workers parpool(nWorker); %

*Parfor.m* is a sample 'parfor' test code,

% parfor "ParforTest.m" % CreateWorker; iter = 10000; sz = 50; a = zeros(1,iter); % fprintf('Computing...\n'); tic; parfor i = 1:iter a(i) = max(svd(randn(sz))); end toc; % poolobj = gcp('nocreate'); % Returns the current pool if one exists. If no pool, do not create new one. if isempty(poolobj) poolobj = gcp; end fprintf('Number of Workers = %d.\n',poolobj.NumWorkers); %

See https://wiki.hpc.tulane.edu/trac/wiki/cypress/Matlab#CompiledMatlab

#!/bin/bash #SBATCH --qos=normal # Quality of Service #SBATCH --job-name=matlabPool # Job Name #SBATCH --time=1:00:00 # WallTime #SBATCH --nodes=1 # Number of Nodes #SBATCH --ntasks-per-node=1 # Number of tasks (MPI processes) #SBATCH --cpus-per-task=4 # Number of threads per task (OMP threads) module load matlab mcc -m ParforTest.m ./ParforTest

### Running MATLAB with Automatic Offload

Internally MATLAB uses Intel MKL Basic Linear Algebra Subroutines (BLAS) and Linear Algebra package (LAPACK) routines to perform the underlying computations when running on Intel processors.

Intel MKL includes Automatic Offload (AO) feature that enables computationally intensive Intel MKL functions to offload partial workload to attached **Intel Xeon Phi** coprocessors automatically and transparently.

As a result, MATLAB performance can benefit from Intel Xeon Phi coprocessors via the Intel MKL AO feature when problem sizes are large enough to amortize the cost of transferring data to the coprocessors.

In SLURM script, make sure that option **—gres=mic:1** is set and *intel-psxe* module as well as the MATLAB module has been loaded.

#!/bin/bash #SBATCH --qos=normal # Quality of Service #SBATCH --job-name=matlabAO # Job Name #SBATCH --time=1:00:00 # WallTime #SBATCH --nodes=1 # Number of Nodes #SBATCH --ntasks-per-node=1 # Number of tasks (MPI processes) #SBATCH --cpus-per-task=1 # Number of threads per task (OMP threads) #SBATCH --gres=mic:1 # Number of Co-Processors module load matlab module load intel-psxe export MKL_MIC_ENABLE=1 matlab -nodesktop -nodisplay -nosplash -r "MatTest; exit;"

Note that

export MKL_MIC_ENABLE=1

enables Intel MKL Automatic Offload (AO).

The sample cose is below:

% % Matrix test "MatTest.m" % A = rand(10000, 10000); B = rand(10000, 10000); tic; C = A * B; realT = toc; fprintf('Real Time = %f(sec)\n',realT);

See https://wiki.hpc.tulane.edu/trac/wiki/cypress/Matlab#CompiledMatlab

#!/bin/bash #SBATCH --qos=normal # Quality of Service #SBATCH --job-name=matlabAO # Job Name #SBATCH --time=1:00:00 # WallTime #SBATCH --nodes=1 # Number of Nodes #SBATCH --ntasks-per-node=1 # Number of tasks (MPI processes) #SBATCH --cpus-per-task=1 # Number of threads per task (OMP threads) #SBATCH --gres=mic:1 # Number of Co-Processors module load matlab module load intel-psxe mcc -m MatTest.m export MKL_MIC_ENABLE=1 ./MatTest

To generate the offload report at run time,

export OFFLOAD_REPORT=2

- Setting OFFLOAD_REPORT to 0 (or not setting it) results in no offload report.

- Setting OFFLOAD_REPORT to 1 results in a report including:
- Name of function called
- Effective Work Division
- Time spent on Host during call
- Time spent on each available Phi coprocessor during call

- Setting OFFLOAD_REPORT to 2 results in a report including everything from 1, and in addition:
- Amount of data transferred to and from each Phi during call

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