wiki:cypress/R

Version 10 (modified by fuji, 2 years ago) (diff)

Running R on Cypress

R Modules

As of June 21st, 2016 there are three versions of R installed on Cypress in the modules

  • R/3.1.2(default)
  • R/3.2.4
  • R/3.2.5-intel

Running R Interactively

For Workshop

If you use a temporary workshop account, do this.

export MY_PARTITION=workshop
export MY_QUEUE=workshop

Start an interactive session using idev

[tulaneID@cypress1 pp-1.6.4]$ idev 
Requesting 1 node(s)  task(s) to normal queue of defq partition
1 task(s)/node, 20 cpu(s)/task, 2 MIC device(s)/node
Time: 0 (hr) 60 (min).
Submitted batch job 52311
Seems your requst is pending.
JOBID=52311 begin on cypress01-035
--> Creating interactive terminal session (login) on node cypress01-035.
--> You have 0 (hr) 60 (min).
[tulaneID@cypress01-035 pp-1.6.4]$ 

Load the R module

[tulaneID@cypress01-035 pp-1.6.4]$ module load R/3.1.2
[tulaneID@cypress01-035 pp-1.6.4]$ module list
Currently Loaded Modulefiles:
  1) git/2.4.1           3) idev                5) R/3.1.2
  2) slurm/14.03.0       4) bbcp/amd64_rhel60

Run R in the command line window

[tulaneID@cypress01-035 pp-1.6.4]$R

R version 3.1.2 (2014-10-31) -- "Pumpkin Helmet"
Copyright (C) 2014 The R Foundation for Statistical Computing
Platform: x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu (64-bit)

R is free software and comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY.
You are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions.
Type 'license()' or 'licence()' for distribution details.

  Natural language support but running in an English locale

R is a collaborative project with many contributors.
Type 'contributors()' for more information and
'citation()' on how to cite R or R packages in publications.

Type 'demo()' for some demos, 'help()' for on-line help, or
'help.start()' for an HTML browser interface to help.
Type 'q()' to quit R.

> 

Running a R script in Batch mode

You can also submit your R job to the batch nodes (compute nodes) on Cypress. Inside your SLURM script, include a command to load the desired R module. Then invoke the Rscript command on your R script.

#!/bin/bash
#SBATCH --qos=normal            # Quality of Service
#SBATCH --job-name=R            # Job Name
#SBATCH --time=00:01:00         # WallTime
#SBATCH --nodes=1               # Number of Nodes
#SBATCH --ntasks-per-node=1     # Number of tasks (MPI processes)
#SBATCH --cpus-per-task=1       # Number of threads per task (OMP threads)

module load R/3.1.2
Rscript myRscript.R

Running a Parallel R Job

Starting with version 2.14.0, R has offered direct support for parallel computation through the "parallel" package. We will present two examples of running a parallel job of BATCH mode. They differ in the ways in which they communicate the number of cores reserved by SLURM to R. Both are based on code found in "Getting Started with doParallel and foreach" by Steve Weston and Rich Calaway and modified by The University of Chicago Resource Computing Center.

In the first example, we will use the built in R function Sys.getenv( ) to get the SLURM environment variable from the operating system.

#Based on code from the UCRCC website

library(doParallel)

# use the environment variable SLURM_NTASKS_PER_NODE to set the number of cores
registerDoParallel(cores=(Sys.getenv("SLURM_NTASKS_PER_NODE")))

# Bootstrapping iteration example
x <- iris[which(iris[,5] != "setosa"), c(1,5)]
iterations <- 10000# Number of iterations to run

# Parallel version of code 
# Note the '%dopar%' instruction
part <- system.time({
  r <- foreach(icount(iterations), .combine=cbind) %dopar% {
    ind <- sample(100, 100, replace=TRUE)
    result1 <- glm(x[ind,2]~x[ind,1], family=binomial(logit))
    coefficients(result1)
  }
})[3]

# Shows the number of Parallel Workers to be used
getDoParWorkers()
# Executes the functions
part

This script will obtain the number of tasks per node set in our SLURM script and will pass that value to the registerDoParallel( ) function. To implement this we need only set the correct parameters in our SLURM script. Suppose we wanted to use 16 cores. Then the correct script would be

#!/bin/bash
#SBATCH --qos=normal            # Quality of Service
#SBATCH --job-name=R            # Job Name
#SBATCH --time=00:01:00         # WallTime
#SBATCH --nodes=1               # Number of Nodes
#SBATCH --ntasks-per-node=16    # Number of Tasks per Node

module load R/3.1.2

Rscript bootstrap.R

The disadvantage of this approach is that it is system specific. If we move our code to a machine that uses PBS-Torque as it's manager (sphynx for example) we have to change our source code. An alternative method that results in a more portable code base uses command line arguments to pass the value of our environment variables into the script.

#Based on code from the UCRCC website

library(doParallel)
# Enable command line arguments
args<-commandArgs(TRUE)

# use the environment variable SLURM_NTASKS_PER_NODE to set the number of cores
registerDoParallel(cores=(as.integer(args[1])))

# Bootstrapping iteration example
x <- iris[which(iris[,5] != "setosa"), c(1,5)]
iterations <- 10000# Number of iterations to run

# Parallel version of code 
# Note the '%dopar%' instruction
part <- system.time({
  r <- foreach(icount(iterations), .combine=cbind) %dopar% {
    ind <- sample(100, 100, replace=TRUE)
    result1 <- glm(x[ind,2]~x[ind,1], family=binomial(logit))
    coefficients(result1)
  }
})[3]

# Shows the number of Parallel Workers to be used
getDoParWorkers()
# Executes the functions
part

Note the use of args←commandArgs(TRUE) and of as.integer(args[1]). This allows us to pass in a value from the command line when we call the script and the number of cores will be set to that value. Using the same basic submission script as last time, we need only pass the value of the correct SLRUM environment variable to the script at runtime.

#!/bin/bash
#SBATCH --qos=normal            # Quality of Service
#SBATCH --job-name=R       # Job Name
#SBATCH --time=00:01:00         # WallTime
#SBATCH --nodes=1               # Number of Nodes
#SBATCH --ntasks-per-node=16    # Number of Tasks per Node

module load R/3.1.2

Rscript bootstrapWargs.R $SLURM_TASKS_PER_NODE

Not that since we did not specify an output file, the output will be written to slurm-<JobNumber>.out. For example:

[cmaggio@cypress1 ~]$ sbatch RsubmissionWargs.srun 
Submitted batch job 52481
[tulaneID@cypress1 ~]$ cat slurm-52481.out 
Loading required package: foreach
Loading required package: iterators
Loading required package: parallel
[1] "16"
elapsed 
  3.282 
[tulaneID@cypress1 ~]$ 

Installing Packages into user home directory

If you want to use some packages but those aren't installed into the R on Cypress, you can install those into your home directory.

First, create a directory and set an environmental variable,

mkdir -p ~/R/Library
export R_LIB_USER=/home/USERID/R/Library

The environmental variable R_LIBS_USER points the location of user package. Setting in ~/.Renviron to tell R a default location,

echo 'R_LIBS_USER="~/R/Library"' > $HOME/.Renviron

Or use a text editor.

Run R and install a package

> install.packages("copula",lib="~/R/Library")

Next Section: Running Python on Cypress